Agriculture is the science and art of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago. After gathering wild grains beginning at least 105,000 years ago, nascent farmers began to plant them around 11,500 years ago. Pigs, sheep and cattle were domesticated over 10,000 years ago. Plants were independently cultivated in at least 11 regions of the world. Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture in the twentieth century came to dominate agricultural output, though about 2 billion people still depended on subsistence agriculture into the twenty-first.
Modern agronomy, plant breeding, agrochemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers, and technological developments have sharply increased yields, while causing widespread ecological and environmental damage. Selective breeding and modern practices in animal husbandry have similarly increased the output of meat, but have raised concerns about animal welfare and environmental damage. Environmental issues include contributions to global warming, depletion of aquifers, deforestation, antibiotic resistance, and growth hormones in industrial meat production. Genetically modified organisms are widely used, although some are banned in certain countries.
The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels and raw materials (such as rubber). Food classes include cereals (grains), vegetables, fruits, oils, meat, milk, fungi and eggs. Over one-third of the world's workers are employed in agriculture, second only to the service sector, although the number of agricultural workers in developed countries has decreased significantly over the centuries.
List of Pinterest Agriculture images & Agriculture pictures
List of all Pinterest Agriculture images and pictures. Browse Pinterest Agriculture ideas
Natural Farming: Everything You Need To Know - NomList
Some believe that human intervention is detrimental to farming. That's why natural farming is gaining popularity in the agriculture community. Here’s everything you need to know about natural farming and why it’s changing the way we eat. #naturalfarming #farming #farm #farmtotable #naturalfoods #organic #organicfoods #healthyliving #healthyeating
6 life lessons for women to live by as told by a woman in agriculture. In this post, I share the important ways that dairy farming and growing up a farm kid shaped me into the woman that I am today. This post is meant to inspire and encourage all women to fearlessly live a life you love! via @msfitfarmer
How Organic Agriculture Benefits Mother Earth: Learn how using sustainable farming methods and organic practices will help to limit the effects of climate change by reducing the use of pesticides, herbicides, and chemical fertilizers. Reducing the carbon footprint within agriculture increases the wellness and livelihood of a community.
Smart Farming - Digital Revolution of Agriculture - MaxBotix Inc.
Infographic: How Smart farming also known as precision agriculture is changing the scope of the agro business. Agrobots and UAV's using sensors like ours are able to take on tasks that make farms more sustainable.